4 technological innovations that will make your computer even faster

New technological developments

During the last 50 years, the prediction of Gordon Moore, one of the founders of the Intel technology company, dedicated to the manufacture of microprocessors for computers, has been fulfilled.

In 1965 the engineer said that every 18 months the number of transistors in the silicon chips would double.

Transistors constitute the circuit of microprocessors, essential for the operation of any computer.

Shortly thereafter he adjusted his calculation by saying that it would take 24 months and not 18. That was how Moore’s Law was born.

Are computers destined to become invisible?

The entrepreneur came to this conclusion empirically, and the passage of time has only confirmed it.

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In addition to claiming that the power of computing would increase exponentially , Moore said that, at the same time, the cost of manufacturing that component of computers would decrease.

Moore’s Law has allowed computers to work faster and faster over the years. However, that speed has a limit.

The transistors have become smaller with the passage of time, but there will come a time when their size will not be able to continue decreasing.

If they were too tiny they could not function properly, the electrons would start jumping and reaching places they should not.

On the other hand, if the chip is put too many electrons for the computer to run faster, they can not move and, therefore, would not cool. There is then the risk that the chip will burn.

In 1971, when Intel was still an unknown firm located in what was not yet known as Silicon Valley , it launched the first microprocessor available on the market.

44 years later, when Intel was already the main producer of chips in the world, with annual profits of more than US $ 55,000 million, Skylake launched.

Chip makers have been aware of the problem for many years. But it has become so difficult and costly to continue with the pace of Moore’s Law, that many companies in this field have thrown in the towel.That does not mean, however, that the battle is lost.

1- The quantum path

Instead of using bits (the unit that measures the amount of information in the world of traditional computing) quantum technology works with the construction of blocks called qubits.

The bits represent a value of 0 or 1. To understand that concept, imagine a sphere, 0 can be the north pole and 1 the south pole.

The qubits, on the other hand, can represent any value on the surface of that sphere. This allows them to process more information using less energy.

2- Graphene processors

Exotic materials with potential to be used in electronics have been discovered.

One of them is graphene, composed of carbon molecules and 40 times more resistant than diamond. This material is a strong contender to replace the silicon chips because it is very good as a conductor of electricity.

American universities have experimented with graphene transistors that have worked 1,000 times faster than the silicon transistors that are used today.

Having less electrical resistance, the speed of graphene processors can be increased by 1,000, and even then, use less energy than conventional technology.

3- The memristor

It is a hypothetical electronic component conceived by a circuit theoretician at the beginning of the 70s.

The logic of the proposal? That component would remember the flow of electric current that circulated and its resistance would adapt to that memory.

If organized in the right way, memristors could replace transistors, and since more memristors can be stored than transistors on a chip, the computer would work faster and have more storage capacity with memristors.

4- DNA microarray

Many are working on the construction of computers inspired by the functioning of neurons in the brain.

The Human Brain Project, for example, is funded by the European Union and is dedicated to the research of new algorithms and computers that can replicate the functioning of the brain.

But there are those who go further.

This is the case of Koniku, the first company dedicated to the development of these electronic devices using real neurons. They modify the DNA of the neurons so that they have certain peculiarities and to keep them alive and in good condition for two years in a “living chip” .

According to the company, his research could be transformed into a biological processor that would be used to detect the smell of drugs or explosives.

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